Dental implants are a popular treatment option for missing teeth. They are designed to replace the root of a missing tooth and can be used to support a crown, bridge, or denture. There are several types of dental implants available, and the right one for you will depend on your specific needs and circumstances. Here is an overview of the different types of dental implants and which one may be right for you:
Endosteal implants are the most common type of dental implant. They are placed directly into the jawbone and are typically used to support a single crown, bridge, or denture. Endosteal implants are made of titanium, a biocompatible material that integrates with the surrounding bone over time. This process, called osseointegration, helps to provide a strong and stable foundation for the replacement tooth or teeth.
Subperiosteal implants are used when the jawbone is not suitable for endosteal implants, due to factors such as insufficient bone density or gum disease. These implants are placed under the gum tissue, but above the jawbone. They have a metal framework that extends through the gum tissue and rests on top of the jawbone. The replacement teeth are then attached to the framework.
Mini implants, also known as small-diameter implants, are a smaller version of endosteal implants. They are typically used to support a single crown or to stabilize a loose denture. Mini implants are less invasive than traditional implants and do not require as much bone density to be placed. However, they may not be as strong or stable as traditional implants and may not be suitable for all cases.
All-on-4 implants, also known as full arch implants, are a type of implant-supported denture. They consist of a full arch of replacement teeth that is supported by just four implants. All-on-4 implants are typically used to replace all of the teeth in the upper or lower jaw. They offer a more stable and permanent solution than traditional dentures and do not require the use of adhesives.
Immediate Load Implants
Immediate load implants, also known as same-day implants, are placed in the same visit as the tooth extraction. They allow for the replacement tooth to be placed on the same day as the extraction, rather than waiting for the implant to heal and integrate with the surrounding bone. Immediate load implants are typically used for single tooth replacements and may not be suitable for all cases.
Zygomatic implants are used in cases where there is insufficient bone density in the jawbone. They are placed in the zygomatic bone, which is the bone that forms the cheekbone. Zygomatic implants are longer and stronger than traditional implants and can support a full arch of replacement teeth. They are typically used as a last resort in cases where other implant options are not possible.
Which implant is right for you will depend on your specific needs and circumstances. Your dentist will evaluate your oral health, the condition of your jawbone, and your treatment goals to determine the most suitable implant option for you.
American Academy of Periodontology. (2021). Dental Implants. Retrieved from https://www.perio.org/consumer/dental-implants